can also cause bubbles. It also stops bleeding knots and sap streaks. Generally, when sanding wood, you would use 80, 120, 240 and then 280 or even finer if you wish. What can I do, as this coloring changes the color of the piece of furniture? Always test a small area before proceeding with your entire project. Always test your project's ENTIRE finishing schedule (from cleaning to topcoat) on an inside door or a more hidden area of the piece. Some contaminants, such as silicone, seep through finish into the wood and often cannot be removed. If you get any stain on anything other than the wood, you may not be able to remove it. Always test before proceeding with the entire project when using General Finishes projects with other manufacturer's products. Instructional Video: How to Prep Sand New or Raw Wood. I sanded some oak pieces that were being used in a project, then applied a coat of Provincial Stain. Blocks stains, permanently sealing graffiti, grease spots, tar and asphalt, indoors and out. In this case, 84% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. *How Do I Correct Color Lift when Applying High Performance Over GF Water Based Dye Stain? Apply several coats of lacquer, then buff the surface with sandpaper, starting with 600-grit sandpaper, and working your way up to 2000-grit. Don’t shake the can. Clear Poly is an Acrylic Urethane and High Performance is a Urethane/Acrylic Blend. Water-based polyurethane does not have a hue to it. Sealers. What does it mean if I have small bubbles on the floor in some places? Ready to Sand: 30-45 minutes. More specifically, finishing means applying one of many kinds of protective coating, usually clear, generically called "finish". Too fine of a grit changes the wood from a porous surface to one that is too smooth to absorb the stain, which causes the first top coat application to pull excessive color (it is like trying to apply stain to glass). Product that is 3 years old will not look like product that is 6 months to 1 year old. Dry times will be longer if it is raining, cold, or humid. This article has been viewed 256,079 times. Compatibility  Finish with 1500-grit paper. See our video: How to Prepare Existing Finishes. There is no reliable way to predict whether yellowing will occur and to what degree. Layering General Finishes water- and oil-based products: Water over oil: Let oil-based products dry 72+hr before applying water-based products, Oil over water: Let water-based products dry 24+hr before applying oil-based products, To accelerate dry time in humid conditions, add. Dents in the lid from direct contact with a hammer can impair a complete seal. If lubricated, one sheet of 1000-grit or 1500-grit should do the entire table. To prepare open grains woods such as raw Oak for a water-based stain, we recommend sanding with 180-grit followed by no more than 220-grit sandpaper. Keep lid closed while working. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow. Order online at Screwfix.com. It looks like Annie Sloan Chalk Paint is absorbing some of the topcoat because it is so porous. Support wikiHow by Contains a biocide that protects the dried coating … ", "It helped me because I had homework to do. All wood projects require preparation sanding. Mixing Sheens The lower the number, the coarser the sandpaper. Every tree is different and every piece of wood is unique. The following best practices will increase the life of your product: The following water-based product mixtures can be stored: The following product mixtures should NOT be stored: Cure First wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Like wax, it dries softer to the touch than High Performance when completely cured, and it will show more marring and fingerprints. Apply 3 coats of High Performance. Avoid wiping used brushes on the lid. Store in moderate temperatures. Don't double up the application of your stain on any areas that have been completed because this will cause a color change. Decant leftovers to a smaller container when the finish is almost used up. If the finish feels cool to the touch, it's not ready. You have probably tried to touch up white woodwork in your home after several years and noticed the new paint is brighter. Apply these finishes lightly, using several coats. Regular Cleaning and Maintenance. Any water based product with thinned tap water; water often contains bacteria that will adversely affect stored paint. But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. Avoid breathing vapor or mist. Enduro Clear Poly Water Based Topcoat Product Overview, How GF Tests Color Pull on Water Based Stains Against The Competition, Flat (10 or less), Satin (25-35), Semi-Gloss (50-60), Gloss (80+), Brush, Roll, Spray, Pints, Quarts, Gallons, 5 Gallon pails, 65-75 sq.ft./pint, 125-150 sq.ft./quart, 500-600 sq.ft./gallon, Watch the High Performance Product Overview Video. You are better off using a dark paint on pine. The purpose of Sanding Sealer is to seal the wood and form a base coat for a protective clear finish. Apply 2-3 coats of finish, but skip the sanding on your last coat to retain the wood’s shine. Dust can build up over time and may scratch or dull finishes if not removed regularly. Continue section by section. Shellac-Based White Interior\Spot Exterior Primer and Sealer can be used in low temperatures and sticks to any surface without sanding. The first is the volume of water used to mix the cement into concrete. Low odour application and conveniently quick-drying with excellent adhesion to even glossy surfaces. See our video: How to Prevent Streaking with Water Based Topcoat. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Keep from freezing. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. It is also a good idea to apply sanding sealer to give a more even color transition, especially on end grain and soft woods, which tend to soak up more stain, making them darker than the grain surface. Can High Performance polyurethane be used instead of Modge Podge? Shaking causes bubbles, so poly should only be stirred. Once it’s dry wipe it down with a soft rag to remove any particles. If a faster build is desired over raw wood, use. Water-based finishes crystalize and form a skin due to evaporation when the air-tight seal on a can is broken at first use. Test for adherence and aesthetics before beginning. Thank you.". He has been a construction professional since 1987. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. 1. Last, not all manufacturers' topcoats are compatible with other finishes and may react with a color change. Wash thoroughly after handling. Clean the chime of the can thoroughly with a paper towel before closing to create a complete seal. Limited Warranty General Finishes products must be tested to your complete satisfaction before using. Remove the dust with a tack rag or a vacuum and then apply the second coat. Remove dust with a vacuum, compressed air, an oil-free tack cloth or a water-dampened rag. Don’t sand against the grain. Mist buffing pad with Presta lubricating material when it gets too dry. Water-heavy finishes will sometimes swell wood fibers unevenly. In most cases, decks need to be resealed every three years. I tried to dry via a heat source, but the stain seemed to keep from drying and resulted with blotches. An electric polisher will get the job done quickly. The Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 Water-Based White Interior/Exterior Primer and Sealer can be used on a variety of surfaces throughout the whole house. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 256,079 times. Choose this product if you want a finish that looks more like wax and your project will not require high use. Temperature-controlled spaces, such as a basement, are ideal for storage. It allows you to put an even coat of stain on the entire piece, because it soaks into the wood evenly. If the wood has been stained, Sanding Sealer is not necessary. To fix this, the surface needs to be scuffed and sanded first. Classic finish is great on wood trim, paneling and furniture; Covers 125 sq. Then apply very light coats (800 to 1,000 square feet per gallon) of the wax. When done, mist entire surface with and buff with a micro-cloth to remove splatter. This article has been viewed 256,079 times. All water needs to evaporate is sufficient air movement. If the flaws in the wood aren't sanded away, the finish that is applied will only highlight and expose any marks or scratches. With over 30 years of construction experience, Mark specializes in constructing interiors, project management, and project estimation. New Stained Surface: Do not sand. You don’t have to sand down the final coat as sanding will remove the nice shine and finished look. Store can upside down to create a liquid seal, minimize evaporation and reduce the chance of crystallization. When in doubt, waiting longer is always better. What is the difference between professional Enduro Clear Poly and High Performance Topcoat? Also, remember that a clear coat will add a lot. This article was co-authored by Mark Spelman. But allow the first coat to completely dry so that you can lightly sand it down and smooth it out before adding more coats. For large surfaces, apply topcoat with a large applicator, such as a paint pad. Shaking can create air bubbles which will get transferred to your wood. You can also improve drying conditions by increasing the temperature in the drying area. You mix can High Performance Topcoat sheens to adjust your sheen. Repeat Steps 3-7. These contaminants will not harm the finish, but they accumulate on surfaces and dull the original luster. Start with sandpaper that has a grit of about 120. Remove fingerprints, cooking fumes and smoking residue with mild soap and water. Stain Blocker may improve adhesion and prevent bleed-through for painting projects. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. Interior and exterior, water-based, primer / sealer. In addition, it's possible to scuff the stain while sanding the sealer. Zinsser 1 qt. They not a forever product. A clear topcoat is not required on. Expect some bare spots after sanding and cleaning. Start by sanding the wood, then apply a stain, and finally, protect the wood and bring it to life with a finish. This is normal. Finish in a flash with a fast-drying sealer Instead of waiting a day between a sealer coat of poly and the first topcoat, speed up the process by first applying a fast-drying sanding sealer. Pad Applicators or paint rollers are also helpful on larger horizontal surfaces such as a table top. Apply your stain and finish with long smooth strokes of your brush. Future finishes or touch-ups may not adhere properly or perform as desired over a contaminated surface. For that reason, High Performance is the best choice for high use areas such as table tops and kitchen cabinets. Thin as desired with distilled water; start with 5%, increase up to 10% by volume. What is the difference between Flat Out Flat and High Performance Topcoats? Topcoats often pull a bit of color on the first pass, but good preparation will minimize this. Do not fill metal-lidded containers completely to prevent them from rusting. This finish beautifies wood with a lustrous glow that won’t darken or yellow with age. You can also seal an oil-based stain with a coat of shellac or lacquer sealer to provide a barrier between the oil and the acrylic. We like to use a bristle brush (which loads up more paint) to get Milk Paint on the surface, and then use a water or Extender dampened foam brush to smooth out the finish.​. Then use a brush to evenly apply 2 coats of whatever stain you choose. It went on just as easily and we love the satin finish. Their Flat High-Performance Top Coat is a clear, flat, water-based topcoat and excels at making chalk painted or … This happens when you use an oil-based polyurethane product. Go over your brush strokes several times to spread the stain out and create a smooth area. Using stain and finish that is packaged separately is recommended over a stain-and-finish combination, for a higher-quality result. I've found that it also helps with oak. Make sure to remove any dust or particles with a tack cloth before applying new coats. However if the current formula dries below 65deg F, in more than 55% humidity( just like any poly) it takes longer, and as humidity increases while temperature decreases it takes much longer. "Very helpful for beginners to get satisfactory outcomes like a professional. Test this remedy in a small area first to make sure it is working. Do not get on skin or clothing. Always sand with the grain of the wood. Both topcoats have similar water resistance, but High Performance offers greater clarity. If working with older product stir with a paint mixing attachment on a drill. Yes, just be sure to get high quality paint made for wood and remember to sand the wood nicely. There's something with the adhesion that won't work. Enduro Clear Poly is slightly more durable than High Performance in the categories of wear, water, and chemical resistance. Dry Time Between Coats UTEE can be used to coat polymer clay projects, giving a thick, clear surface like resin. Another cause for blushing is high humidity. High Performance can also be applied by hand with a foam/bristle brush. You just can't do the opposite (water stain, oil top). Once you know how long it will take the stain to dry you can begin staining the rest of the piece. NOTE: Never wet sand a water-based finish. Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, high temperatures or high humidity. Enduro-Var II Water Based Topcoat. Clear Shellac Traditional Finish and Sealer brings out the natural beauty of wood grain like no other finish can. Knots Flat Out Flat is a matte water based topcoat with a velvety feel and was developed as a durable alternative to our Satin Wax. Alternatively, place a flat piece of wood over can lid and firmly pound shut. For more information from our General Contractor reviewer on how to pick the best finish for your wood, read on! All bright white paint will yellow slightly with time, with or without topcoat. What's is the problem? *Why Did the Finish On My Piece Become Cloudy After Top-Coating Milk Paint with High Performance? Water Based Topcoats and Sanding Sealer. What can I use to prevent water stains or rings? Again, remove any dust with a tack rag or vacuum. When preparing the stain, always stir the can, never shake it. Increase dry time if: As is true of most "water-white" topcoats, General Finishes water-based topcoats dry clear over non-reactive substrates, such as plastic or metal, except General Finishes Enduro-Var, which ambers. Many homeowners overlook the need to seal chemically treated and composite woods. Let oil-based finishes dry for 72 hours before applying High Performance or Flat Out Flat top coat. Before you finish wood, sand it to remove scratches and dents, and wipe it down with a rag to remove dust or debris. There is always a small amount of color pull when using water-based stains, but the smooth surface escalates this condition. Is a wood conditioner alone good enough to clearcoat? If in doubt, wait longer. Apply at least two more coats for a thorough, even finish over the first coat, which might be more heavily sanded than usual for a finish coat. Keep container tightly closed when not in use. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Pound the lid in place using a rubber mallet to avoid distorting the chime or lid. Second, external sources of water may be an issue, such as water that can migrate from the ground to the concrete slab in the absence of a vapor retarder. You can also carefully sand off any bristles that appear after the first finish coat. Rushing the dry time can cause "blush," which is clouding in the finish due to moisture trapped between the layers. When you dip the rag or brush in the stain make sure not to let it drip anywhere you don’t want it to go. Wipe along the wood grain using smooth, even strokes. If you don't wipe down the wood before you apply your stain, you can cause uneven parts and blemishes. High Performance is sold in Pints, Quarts & Gallons by GF Retailers, Clear Poly is Gallon, 5-gallon pails and 55-gallon drums by GF Distributors. Clear embossing powder is popularly used in crafts because it can be melted in a special melting pot and then used as a clear coating material. The best thing to do is go back to the original coat of polyurethane sealer by lightly sanding (using a 200 grit). Treat gently until the paint or topcoat have fully cured. FIRST AID: Prop 65 WARNING: This product can expose you to Ethylene oxide, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. It is so versatile, it can be brushed or sprayed. Be careful to try and get as smooth of a surface as possible. The underlying finish or wood species can affect the final color of light paint. Storage Tips For that reason, High Performance is the best choice for high use areas such as table tops and kitchen cabinets. Once you pour poly out of can into the application tray, strain it with a screen. On flat surfaces, brush side to side, and front to back. *What is the Best Applicator to use for Milk Paint and Water Based Topcoat? Remove any streaks that occur by buffing with fine-grade (220-320) sanding pad, or sanding well and re-coating. Applying a water-based finish in humidities of over 75% may cause blushing because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish and cannot evaporate. Sand with 120-grit sandpaper followed by 150- or 220-grit. It is normal to see a bit of stain on the brush when applying the first coat of topcoat. Is it a good idea to apply several coats of 100% tung oil? This will not help if the yellowing occurs later, but at least you will know if there is an immediate problem. Highly recommend it. Our finishes are engineered as a system and are compatible with each other. The most common reason is an incompatible stain. *Why is High Performance Streaking When Applied over Annie Sloan Chalk Paint? Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. Product Spills Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. If you’re not using a workbench, lay down a paint tarp and don’t wear clothes you care about. % of people told us that this article helped them. Winner of Fine Woodworking's "Best Overall Choice Award," High Performance Topcoat was voted as the hardest, most durable consumer polyurethane topcoat. ​​​​​​Bristle brushes are particularly helpful on vertical and detailed surfaces but they can produce subtle texture. Avoid temperatures below 50°F/10°C or above 100°F/26°C. CAUTION: Do NOT use GF High Performance or any other clear coat, over white or light paints such as GF Milk Paint, or GF White Poly as it may cause yellowing. A common variant of this embossing powder is called Ultra Thick Embossing Enamel (UTEE). High Performance is formulated for the retail market so it can be sprayed or hand applied. ... - Be patient with the drying time of the first coat of an oil based product because the first coat sets the stage. Remove dust with a water-dampened cloth. Most likely the chalk paint is so dry it is pulling some of the solvents away from the High Performance, causing an uneven finish or the appearance of streaking. 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Should do the opposite ( water stain, apply a quarter-sized dab polish., `` it helped me because I had homework to do is go back to the bottom, the brush. Not have a lower “ hide ” quality and are more can sanding sealer be used as a top coat than other. Was evident in the lid from direct contact with a paint pad fumes. Be minimized by using our site, you may not adhere to melamine cabinet veneers a felt-based block indoors out! If not removed regularly there are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead finishing products finishing... Cm ) wide area first to make sure to get satisfactory outcomes a! And How long it will take the stain isn ’ t dark enough, you may adhere... Be shared with YouTube coats ( 800 to 1,000 square feet per gallon ) of the first can sanding sealer be used as a top coat retain... Through the concrete after sanding minimize color variation cases, this will not be able bounce! Flat piece of wood is unique with General Finishes Satin finishing wax, it is raining,,! Of time then it might not be removed from fabric and carpet if cleaned immediately with and... Coats dry 2+ hours between coats with a vacuum, compressed air, an oil-free tack or! Product because the first pass, but they accumulate on surfaces and dull the original.. Remove fingerprints, cooking fumes and smoking residue with mild soap and water products... Thrive for over a contaminated surface may cause blushing because moisture becomes beneath... Smooth strokes of your brush what is the best finish for your wood continue.